On Monday, 1st March 2021, India registered a count of 15,510 new coronavirus cases, lower than Sunday’s count by 7.4%. Currently, the country’s total count of coronavirus cases has risen to 1,57,157, while the count of active cases stands at 1,68,627. It is a positive sign that a massive count of 1.43 crore health and frontline workers have been given the vaccine against the virus, and the count of recoveries from the same has been accounted to a total of 1,07,86,457.
From March 1st, India embarks its second phase of vaccination against the virus, with people above 60 years of age and those above 45 with comorbidities eligible to get the jabs.
The Scroll reported, “Around 10,000 private hospitals under Ayushman Bharat, more than 600 hospitals under the Central Government Health Scheme, and other private hospitals enrolled under state schemes can administer the vaccine.” It is said that in government hospitals the vaccination will be free of cost and will involve two doses of inoculation to complete the process.
“ Private hospitals are allowed to charge Rs 250 for each dose of the vaccine, while inoculation at government vaccination sites will be free”,
thus, the article added.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has released new guidelines that outline the comorbidities which fall under this vaccination drive.
Which comorbidities make someone who is above 45 eligible for the COVID vaccine?
- Heart failure with hospitalization in the last year
- Post cardiac transplant/Left Ventricular Assist Device
- Significant left ventricular systolic dysfunction
- Moderate or severe valvular heart disease
- Congenital heart disease with severe PAH or Idiopathic PAH
- Coronary Artery Disease with past CABG/PTCA/MI AND hypertension/diabetes on treatment
- Angina and Hypertension/Diabetes on treatment
- CT/MRI documented stroke and Hypertension/Diabetes on treatment
- Pulmonary artery hypertension and Hypertension/Diabetes on treatment
- Diabetes (> 10 years or with complications) and Hypertension/Diabetes on treatment
- Kidney/liver/Hematopoietic stem cell transplant: Recipient/on the waitlist
- End-stage kidney disease on haemodialysis/CAPD
- Current prolonged use of oral corticosteroids / immunosuppressant medication
- Decompensated cirrhosis
- Severe respiratory disease with hospitalizations in last two years/FEV1 < 50%
- Diagnosis of any solid cancer on or after 1st July 2020 or currently on any cancer therapy
- Sickle Cell Disease/ Bone marrow failure/ Aplastic Anemia/ Thalassemia major
Every individual who wishes to qualify for this vaccination drive is required to carry a certificate from any medical practitioner that explicitly proves the comorbidities and states that these medical conditions make their body more vulnerable to being infected by the coronavirus. It is expected that the government will release a detailed protocol regarding the same.
It is important to note that individuals who suffer primary immunodeficiency diseases or HIV infection will also be eligible to get the COVID-19 vaccine under this drive. Further, the people who are undergoing intellectual disabilities or muscular dystrophy, or the people whose respiratory systems have been impacted due to being a victim of acid attacks, also qualify to be inoculated in the second phase.
This vaccination drive also permits individuals with disabilities that require high functional support or multiple disabilities that includes being deaf and blind to be inoculated against the coronavirus infection.
However, the most crucial aspect to take into account is that despite having one or more of these listed comorbidities, one can only qualify to get vaccinated if they are above the age of 45.
Are there any individuals who don't stand eligible to get vaccinated at all?
- Individuals who are below 18 years of age are not allowed to receive the COVID-19 vaccine.
- Pregnant and lactating mothers are also not permitted to be vaccinated.
- Further, anyone who suffers from allergic reactions to vaccines, pharmaceutical products, notable food allergies, or displayed an aversive reaction to the COVID-19 vaccine in the earlier phase should not experiment with the vaccine process.
Are there any individuals who should temporarily not get COVID-19 vaccines?
- The individuals who are displaying active symptoms of SARS-CoV-2 infection or the COVID-19 patients who have been administered the anti-SARS-Cov-2 monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma should not get vaccinated currently.
- Any person who has been unwell and hospitalized for a prolonged period of time due to any illness should not get the COVID-19 vaccine.
- For patients with a history of any bleeding or coagulation disorder – platelet disorder, clotting factor deficiency, or coagulopathy, it is important that the vaccine is inoculated with the utmost care and caution.