Over the next few months, more than 19 lakh people left out of Assam's final National Register of Citizens (NRC) will try to prove their citizenship before foreigners tribunals set up across the state.
Those that fail to prove their citizenship, face a rather harder fate.
India's first full-fledged detention center, capable of accommodating as many as 3,000 declared foreigners, at Matia in Assam's Goalpara district, has been set up.
The Assam government is preparing to construct ten more detention centers in anticipation of the possible requirement to house a large number of illegal foreigners as the deadline for the National Register of Citizens finalization draws close.
The Indian government claimed that migrants have arrived from neighboring Muslim-majority Bangladesh. Critics say that the register has upended the lives of Muslims who have lived legally in the state for decades.
The Goalpara camp is one of at least 10 planned detention centers, according to local media reports. It is around the size of seven football pitches and designed to hold 3,000 people.
It is also planned to have a hospital, an auditorium, a common kitchen and 180 toilets, and washrooms. There will also be a primary school just outside the detention center. Women with children and nursing mothers and will get a special care facility within the detention center.
"Special attention is to be given to women/nursing mothers and children," Union Minister of State for Home G Kishan Reddy said in the parliament in July. "Children lodged in detention centers are to be provided educational facilities in nearby local schools," he said.
But, ironically, most of the laborers working at the detention center at Matia don't have their names in the NRC list either. However, many residents don't think the detention centers should be viewed as concentration camps.
Last month the Bharatiya Janata Party was unsettled after it became clear that many Hindus had also been excluded from the list. Officials said the government can pass legislation to protect legitimate citizens.
The government is already in the process of bringing legislation to grant citizenship to Hindu, Sikh and Buddhist immigrants from neighboring countries.
But, Muslim immigrants have not been included in the law.
If those who have been left out of the crucial list are not able to prove their citizenship before the deadline ends, they will be taken to the detention center for an indefinite amount of time, with unknown environmental influences.
The situation is all too similar to that of America, with detention camps for "illegal immigrants" with clear undercurrents of targeted groups. Hopefully, the detention camps pan out in the same sugar-coated manner the government has put down.