While trans people still remain oppressed by current Japanese laws, a recent Tokyo district ruling depicts progress in social mindsets.
A transgender woman who works in the Economy, Trade and Industry Ministry sued her employer due to discrimination. The employer denied her the right to use the women's washroom. Moreover, the official in charge told her to "go back" to being a man if she won't have sex reassignment surgery (SRS).
Judge Kenji Ebara, however, ruled in favour of the trans woman, awarding her 1.32 million yen in damages (around Rs. 8.5 lakhs.) Moreover, Ebara declared it illegal to deny trans people from using the bathroom of their choice. He said such discrimination “constrains people’s benefits of living their lives in accordance with their self-identified genders.”
Furthermore, Ebara has ruled it illegal for employers to ask employees to have surgery before recognising their gender. Despite Japan requiring sterilisation before SRS and the surgery for legally recognising one's gender, Ebara's ruling is the first of its kind, marking a step towards progress for an otherwise conservative and traditional country.
India, on the other hand, last took a regressive step with the controversial Transgender Persons (Protection Of Rights) Act, passed this Parliamentary session, that takes away several rights that trans folk possessed and does not meet any of the demands or requirements of the actual community. There are no defined laws regarding the usage of washrooms when it comes to transgender people, and while discrimination is condemned by the new act, there are no consequences or measures taken to protect the population.