PM Narendra Modi has returned from the United States. There were multiple agendas for his US visit, one of the most important being his meeting with President Biden face to face for the first time. Then there was a delegation-level meeting with US vice president Kamala Harrish, followed by meetings with 5 CEOs of the US companies, and finally, the main highlight of the India-US visit: The Quad summit.
His visit was heavily covered because of these reasons-
- This was his first big visit after the covid started. (He went to Bangladesh in between)
- He met with president Biden for the first time in person. Note how we have prefixed 'President' because he has already met with Joe Biden when he was vice president during Obama time. They are meeting for the first time after he became president.
- First-ever Quad meeting in person.
- First meeting with Kamala Harris.
- Metting with Japanese and Australian PM. (Even though meeting with Japanese PM does not have much significance because he is temporary and leaving the office soon)
Meeting with Joe Biden
In the meeting with Joe Biden, both countries pledged to continue to build a strong partnership. Biden brought up the Indian heritage of Vice president Kamala Harris. Biden also acknowledged the contribution of 4 million Indian-Americans which makes the US stronger every day. They also talked about how both the country is going to fight Covid together and bring stability and peace in Indo-Pacific region. “I've long believed that US-India relationship can help us solve a lot of global challenges. In fact back in 2006 when I was the Vice President, I said that by 2020 India and the US will be among the closest nations in the world,” said President Biden.
PM Modi explained we are entering into the 3rd decade of this century and how president Biden's leadership is going to shape this decade. He also stressed utilizing our talent and technology for greater global goods.
Meeting with Kamala Harris
In the meeting with Kamala Harris, both acknowledged the flow of knowledge, innovation, and talent between both countries. They also discussed COVID-19, Indo-Pacific cooperation, and other issues of mutual and global interest. They talked about how India and the US are the biggest democracy in the world. “India & America are natural partners; we have similar values, geopolitical interests, and our coordination and cooperation is also increasing,” said PM Modi in Washington DC.
Meeting with the CEOs
PM Modi's kicked off his engagement by a meeting with top American CEOs. In the meeting were CEOs of Qualcomm, Adobe, First Solar, General Atomics, and Blackstone.
Meeting with the Adobe CEO shows the digital priority of the government that they are pushing with the digital India mission.
Meeting with the CEO of General Atomics, Vivek Lall is important because General Atomics is a big whale when it comes to military drone technologies and also General Atomics is the world’s top manufacturer of military drones.
Qualcomm CEO, Cristiano E Amon, showed interest to work with India on digital programs including 5G technology, PM WANI & others.
Quad comprises the United States of America, India, Japan, and Australia. Its seed was shown in 2004 when the four countries came together to carry humanitarian work for the damages caused by Boxing Day Tsunami. The idea of Quad that we see today was poised by the former Japanese PM Shinzo Abe when he proposed an "arc of freedom and prosperity" in the Indo- Pacific region. American President Joe Biden, Indian PM Narendra Modi, Australian PM Scott Morrison, and the Japanese PM Yoshihide Suga attended the meeting.
- QUAD started the Quad Vaccine Experts Group, constituted of top experts from our respective governments.
- Australia, India, Japan, and the United States have vowed to donate more than 1.2 billion doses globally of safe and effective COVID-19 vaccines.
- Quad Vaccine Partnership has funded increased production capacity at Biological E Ltd, additional production in India will start later this year.
- The Quad commended India's announcement to reinitiate exports of COVID-19 vaccines in October 2021.
- Japan will continue to help regional partners purchase vaccines by $3.3 billion of COVID-19 Crisis Response Emergency Support Loan.
- Australia will deliver $212 million in grant support to buy vaccines for Southeast Asia and the Pacific.
Science and Technology Cooperation
- QUAD will strengthen Science and Technology (S&T) cooperation in the areas of clinical trials and genomic (genes-related) surveillance.
- It will be committed to shared global targets to help vaccinate the world, save lives, and build back better. This includes strengthening global health security financing and political leadership.
- It will conduct a joint pandemic-preparedness exercise in 2022.
- Quad countries will work together to keep the Paris-aligned temperature limits within reach and will pursue efforts to limit it to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
- They will intend to update or communicate ambitious NDCs by COP26.
- They will also coordinate their diplomacy to raise global ambition
- Climate ambition
- Clean-energy innovation and deployment
- Climate change adaptation, resilience, and preparedness
- These countries will work together for successful outcomes at the COP26 and G20 that uphold the level of climate ambition and innovation that this moment requires.
Cooperation on critical and emerging technologies
- In partnership with the industry, Quad is advancing the deployment of secure, open, and transparent 5G and beyond-5G networks.
- They have announced Principles on Technology Design, Development, and Governance. They hope this will guide not only the region but the world towards responsible, open, high-standard innovation.
- QUAD also announced new cooperation in cyberspace and pledge to work together to combat cyber threats, promote resilience, and secure our critical infrastructure.
- Further, QUAD is launching a new Quad infrastructure partnership. Quad will meet regularly to coordinate our efforts, map the region's infrastructure needs, and coordinate regional needs and opportunities.
- QUAD announced a new chapter of educational and people-to-people cooperation through Quad Fellowship.
- QUAD fellowship will be stewarded by Schmidt Futures, a philanthropic initiative, and with generous support from Accenture, Blackstone, Boeing, Google, Mastercard, and Western Digital this pilot fellowship program will provide 100 graduate fellowships to leading science, technology, engineering, and mathematics graduate students across our four countries.
- QUAD will closely coordinate its diplomatic, economic, and human rights policies towards Afghanistan and will deepen counter-terrorism and humanitarian cooperation in the months ahead in accordance with UNSCR 2593.
- We reaffirm that Afghan territory should not be used to threaten or attack any country or to shelter or train terrorists, or to plan to finance terrorist acts and reiterate the importance of combating terrorism in Afghanistan.
- We will redouble our efforts to ensure that the Quad is a force for regional peace, stability, security, and prosperity.
- Towards that end, we will continue to champion adherence to international law, particularly as reflected in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), to meet challenges to the maritime rules-based order, including in the East and South China Seas.
- We reaffirm our commitment to the complete denuclearization of North Korea in accordance with United Nations Security Council resolutions.
This visit of PM Modi has a great significance since a lot has happened in few years. Afghanistan, Terrorism, Threat of China, Good relations between alliances, Pakistan, are some of the biggest Indian concerns. PM emphasized all these issues decently. China has criticized the Quad meeting saying it will find no support.
However, the final result of the meeting will be seen in the future how these countries cooperate mutually to tackle real global issues.