The controversial American president has made history once again by becoming the first president yet to have been impeached twice.
The President of The United States of America Donald Trump was impeached for the second time days before the end of his term on the charges of 'incitement of insurrection' after he told his supporters to march to the Capitol Building to 'stop the steal'(stop the alleged fraudulent practices that took place against Mr Trump by his opponent Joe Biden during the 2002 Presidential Elections). Scores of Trump supporters stormed the Capitol Building amid the politically charged atmosphere and laid siege to the historic and important building for hours on end. The siege came to an end after a response was mounted by the law enforcement agencies.
This was the first time after the War of 1812 that such an attack had taken place on one of the most important and landmark buildings in the US. As the news and visuals of the attack on the Capitol spread, the world watched in shock and horror at the state of affairs in the most powerful country of the world. With more than 80 people arrested and 5 people dead including a police officer, the Capitol building was finally cleared in the evening after a nearly 4-hour long operation by the security forces.
The storming of the Capitol Building by Trump Supporters is seen as a culmination of the series of efforts by Donald Trump such as his refusal to accept his electoral loss to Joe Biden and ‘Stop the Steal Campaign’ to overturn the 2020 Presidential Elections
What impeachment actually means?
Impeachment essentially means the legislative process that takes place during the removal of the holder of any public office from his/her position. Impeachment is when a sitting president is charged with crimes. In this case, President Trump is accused of inciting insurrection by encouraging his supporters to storm the Capitol Building.
Impeachment in the US is a multi-step process with investigations usually carried out by the Congress typically in the House Judiciary Committee but these investigations may also begin elsewhere. This step was bypassed during the recent Second Impeachment of Donald Trump. It is followed by the House of Representatives passing the articles of impeachment, constituting and containing the formal allegations against accused by a simple majority of those present and voting. Upon passing, the person against whom the proceeding of impeachment has been initiated is considered 'impeached'. The final step involves the trial of the accused in the Senate. In case of impeachment of the President, the Chief Justice of the United States presides over the proceedings. Conviction in the Senate requires a two thirds-special majority of those present. The result of the conviction is the removal from office and/or from holding any public office.
Impeachment and US Presidents
Impeachment of US Presidents is not a new or unusual phenomenon with former presidents such as Andrew Jackson, Richard Nixon and Bill Clinton facing impeachment proceeding against them. Beginning with Andrew Jackson, President Trump is now a part of a forgettable line up of presidents who have been impeached by the House of Representatives. What makes President Trump stand out is the fact that he happens to be the first president yet to have been impeached twice. Also, the fact that the previous impeachments took months to complete before a final vote since they were preceded by investigations and hearings in the House. This time it only took a week after Trump allegedly encouraged a crowd of his supporters to attack the Capitol.
So far, none of the Presidents with impeachment proceedings initiated against them have been removed from the office but, with Biden winning a landmark election, the Democrats will be in a position to control both the House and the Senate thus, paving the way for the removal of an American President for the first time through this process.
The impeachment, Senate trial and possible conviction of President Trump will not be completed before his term ends and will only happen after Joe Biden is sworn in as the president of the United States of America. Nevertheless, the senate can take a separate vote on whether to disqualify the controversial president from holding future office. Unlike his first impeachment, related to his dealing with Ukraine with him pressurizing the Ukrainian establishment to take action against Biden's son Hunter which was preceded by a lengthy investigation, this time around no such investigations was deemed as a prerequisite with the storming of the Capitol telecasted live on television and the availability of the provocative speech by Donald Trump hours before the attack.
Donald Trump has now made history for becoming the first US president to have been impeached twice. He could also have been the first sitting president to be removed from office in case the Senate proceedings were to begin earlier. Questions have also been raised over the entire exercise with only a few days left for the end of Trump's presidency. The impeachment is viewed by many as a symbolic act of reclaiming and the possible rescuing of the American Democracy post the January 6 Capitol Riot.
The 2020 Presidential Elections were possibly the most bitterly contested elections that the United States of America witnessed in recent years. Slandering and aggressive campaigning are a common part of elections world over but the 2020 Elections in the US were unparalleled in more ways than one. The president-elect Joe Biden will begin his first term under interesting circumstances with his initial days as president occupied by the Senate trial against Donald Trump.