Hemp, weed, marijuana, and CBD are all byproducts of cannabis, and the meanings are interchangeable—plus, pop culture has imprinted a multitude of poetic terms, code words, and euphemisms that render it much more complicated. They aren't all the same, however, and they have very different purposes. One will get you high, while the other is a wellness elixir. This your perfect guide to get all the cannabis terminology right!
What is cannabis?
Cannabis is a flowering plant genus that belongs to the family Cannabaceae. Hemp and marijuana are broad classifications of cannabis, which is nothing more than an umbrella term.
Cannabis plants are divided into three types: cannabis Sativa, cannabis Indica, and cannabis ruderalis, or hybrid. Each is said to have its own set of characteristics and effects.
Cannabis sativa has long, tall, and finger-like leaves. It's known for its energizing, invigorating impact, which can "reduce anxiety or stress while increasing inspiration and concentration."
In comparison to Sativa, cannabis Indica leaves are shorter, plumper, and fuller. Indica strains are also known for their soothing and stimulating effects.
Cannabis ruderalis is a small plant that grows no more than 12 inches tall. They do, however, develop extremely rapidly. Ruderalis is thought to have very low THC levels and high CBD levels, so it isn't used as often for recreational purposes.
Although it is commonly assumed that Sativas are more energizing and Indicas are more soothing, this has not been proved scientifically.
What are the constituents of marijuana?
So, what exactly are THC and CBD? Cannabinoids are a group of approximately 120 chemicals found in cannabis. Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are the two most common (THC). Both marijuana and hemp contain THC and CBD. Hemp has a high CBD content and a low THC content (less than 0.3%), while marijuana has a far higher THC content (over 0.3 percent ).
What is THC?
THC is a psychoactive ingredient. The euphoria that most people associate with cannabis is caused by the psychoactive compound. THC has the power to influence mood, pain, and other emotions.
How does it work?
Tiny receptors can be found all over your body that react to the cannabis compound. Your endocannabinoid system(ECS) is responsible for this. THC binds to these receptors in your body and affects a variety of bodily functions. Endocannabinoids, like neurotransmitters in the brain, have an impact on how a person thinks, reacts, and moves.
They don't monitor all of your body's functions, but they do serve as a type of command center. Consider them to be similar to a light dimmer in your home: instead of turning the light on or off, they adjust the amount of light available.
How does it make you feel?
THC causes the brain to release dopamine when consumed. This causes the euphoric high that many people associate with cannabis. Relaxation, sedation, appetite, drowsiness, pain relief, and elation are some of the beneficial effects of THC.
There could be some negative consequences as well. Too much THC can trigger anxiety, paranoia, memory loss, and scattered thought, among other things. To prevent these side effects, new cannabis patients are frequently advised to seek out balanced products that contain CBD. CBD has the ability to reverse the effects of THC while also providing additional therapeutic benefits.
What is CBD?
Do you have a friend who drinks too much but never gets drunk? That's basically CBD. It is non-intoxicating and non-euphoric, so you won't get high from it. According to the US National Library of Medicine, CBD is a chemical compound derived from the Cannabis sativa plant, which is also known as marijuana or hemp.
WebMD points out that it's "thought to work with other elements in the body linked to feelings of well-being". It has the ability to ease nausea, migraine, seizures, and anxiety, according to Healthline.
The endocannabinoid system in your body develops cannabinoids naturally. Cannabinoids are sent and received in the body through this mechanism. When you use a CBD product, you're helping your endocannabinoid system relieve pain and inflammation while still relaxing your body.
The hemp plant is the source of the majority of CBD drugs. CBD is mainly found in hemp plants. Marijuana plants, on the other hand, usually contain about 40% THC. Hemp contains only trace amounts of THC (0.3%).
The fact that CBD and THC function differently and come from different plants explains why they feel so different in the body.
Can CBD get you high?
Probably not. CBD and THC are the two primary components of the cannabis plant. Junella Chin, DO, an osteopathic surgeon and a medicinal cannabis specialist for cannabisMD, explains, "CBD is the non-psychoactive portion of the plant, so what that means is you won't have any effects like euphoria," "You won't feel sedated or altered in any way."
There are two exceptions to this rule. The first is that certain people respond to CBD differently for unexplained reasons. Around 5% of people claim they feel different after taking CBD, according to Dr. Chin. "Usually they're the same people who have side effects from Advil or Tylenol," she says.
Since you never know how your body would respond to a new supplement, it's best to start with CBD under supervision.
How Does CBD Affect Your Mood?
CBD takes time to accumulate in the body and produce effects. For the first few weeks or months after starting to use CBD products on a regular basis, you can feel nothing. That isn't to say it isn't successful!
The advantages may be subtle at first, but they will accumulate over time. People can not realize how much their reality has changed until they stop taking CBD and revert to their previous state, or until someone else points it out to them.
To put it another way, the central impact of CBD is close to what you get when you take something like paracetamol. When it kicks in, you'll notice a reduction in symptoms and a return to a more "natural" state - more "you."
Given that we are mostly all made the same inside, CBD's effect on the human body is identical for many people. However, the dose you take, the hemp strain used in the product, how/where the product is grown, extraction, and other ingredients used, as well as the reason you want to take CBD in the first place, all contribute to specific experiences.
What is hemp?
Hemp is cannabis that contains fewer chemicals. It has a THC content of less than 0.3 percent, so it won't get you high like marijuana. You may be wondering why 0.3 percent. In 1979, the book "The Species Problem in Cannabis: Science and Semantics" introduced this concept. The author stated that it’s difficult to distinguish hemp and marijuana, as there is no taxonomical difference between the two.
The number was suggested as a way of distinguishing hemp from marijuana. The Agricultural Act of 2018 in the United States now uses this number in the legal definition of hemp.
Aside from the THC material, hemp and marijuana have different applications. Textiles (clothing, handbags, shoes), food (hemp seed oil, hemp seed hearts, hemp protein powder), paper, ropes, supplements, and more are all made from hemp. Hemp cultivation for industrial or horticultural purposes is legal in India.
What is marijuana?
Marijuana is known by many names: pot, cannabis, dope, ganja, Mary Jane, and so on. Have you ever had a friend who couldn't stop gushing about their bizarre trip to Amsterdam? Marijuana is consumed in a variety of ways, including rolling it into cigarettes and smoking it through a pipe. Brownies, cookies, gummies, lollipops, rice crispies, chocolates, candies, and beverage mixes are only a few examples.
Marijuana, simply put, is a weed that makes you high because it contains more than 0.3 percent THC.
What is Hash?
Hash is said to be the most potent cannabis strain due to its high THC content. Hash is produced from the resin and sap of the cannabis plant, while weed is the dried cannabis plant. When compared to the 12 percent THC levels contained in other cannabis products, hash oil can contain up to 90% THC.
What is bhang?
In India, it is illegal to consume marijuana. The Hindu festival of Holi, on the other hand, is an outlier. Bhang is often linked to the festival of colors. Dry and ground cannabis leaves are combined with milk, Kesar, almonds, and spices to create the concoction. The drink is also made with yogurt in some places in India. The effect is a frothy, thandai-like beverage with a strong buzz.
In ancient Hindu texts like the Atharvaveda, the Holi drink is mentioned as a stress and anxiety reliever. According to legend, Lord Shiva found the herb, which is why it is so closely linked to him.
But, given that marijuana is illegal in India, how is bhang so widely available? Let's just say there are a few flaws. Cannabis was classified as a "narcotic drug" under the Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act of 1985, making its production, possession, use, and transportation illegal. However, it only mentioned the bud and resin as narcotic sections of the plant.
What is Hemp oil?
Cold-pressing hemp seeds yield hemp oil. It has a nutty flavor and is transparent greenish oil. The oil is thought to have a wide range of health benefits, especially when it comes to skin health. It can be used to treat acne because of its anti-inflammatory properties. It has anti-inflammatory effects, as well. Hemp oil may also be added to foods such as smoothies, salad dressings, and soups.
What is CBD Oil?
CBD is one of the more than 100 chemicals present in cannabis. The cannabis plant's oil is extracted and then mixed with hemp seed or coconut oil. When you want to alleviate pain, anxiety, sleep disorders, and other ailments without the mind-altering effects of marijuana or other prescription medications, this oil is the way to go.
CBD oil is also used as a cancer patient's palliative treatment. According to a study, it can help alleviate nausea, vomiting, pain, and other chemotherapy side effects. The high is given by a small amount of THC in the oil. CBD oil can be used in a variety of ways. It could be applied topically, combined with edibles, or inhaled via a vape.